14 December-Corn Flakes

John Harvey Kellogg was a medical doctor and businessman who was a native of the USA. With his brother Will Keith Kellogg he co-invented the breakfast cereal, corn flakes. It has been said that the invention of corn flakes ‘changed the breakfast landscape forever’
The Kellogg Company was established on February 19th 1906 by Will Keith Kellogg while working at the Battle Creek Sanitarium with his brother John Harvey. Today the Kellogg Company is a multinational food-manufacturing company which has its headquarters in Battle Creek, Michigan in the United States. Producing cereals and convenience foods, Kellogg’s has manufacturing facilities in 18 countries around the world. Its largest factory is based in Manchester, England.
John Harvey Kellogg, medical doctor and businessman who co-invented the breakfast cereal corn flakes, died aged 91 in the year 1943 On This Day.

13 December-Robinson Crusoe

Robinson Crusoe is a novel written by Daniel Defoe. Published in 1719, it is said to be based on the adventures of Alexander Selkirk. Selkirk was a Scottish sailor who spent over four years on the uninhabited island of Más a Tierra. The island which was renamed Robinson Crusoe Island in 1966 lies 670 km (420 mi) off the coast of Chile.
Alexander Selkirk was born in the village of Lower Largo, Fife, Scotland in 1676. He ran away to sea in 1695. By 1703, having set sail from Kinsale, Ireland he was the sailing master of the ship the ‘Cinque Ports’. The ship was a galley on a privateering expedition off the coast of South America. Selkirk felt his ship would sink following sea battles with the Spanish and asked to be put ashore.
When the ship stopped at the island of Más a Tierra to take on fresh water and supplies, the captain granted Selkirk’s request. He was put ashore and was given bedding and some clothes, tools, tobacco, a bible and a gun and ammunition. He lived alone on the island until he was rescued on February 2nd 1709 by a passing English ship.
Selkirk returned to Scotland in October 1711. He wrote an account of his adventures in 1712. Daniel Defoe later fictionalised his story in the novel ‘Robinson Crusoe’. Selkirk joined the Royal Navy and returned to sea in 1720. He served on board HMS Weymouth off the coast of West Africa. He contracted yellow fever and following his death in 1721, he was buried at sea.
Alexander Selkirk, the Scottish seaman whose adventures inspired the story of ‘Robinson Crusoe’, died aged 45 in the year 1721 On This Day.

12 December-Irish National Anthem

Peadar Kearney, who wrote the lyrics of the Soldier’s Song, was a native of Dublin, Ireland. The Soldier’s Song is the Irish National Anthem. Kearney also composed several other songs including, ‘Down by the Glenside’ and ‘The Tri-coloured Ribbon’. He was a founder of the Irish Volunteers and fought in the Easter Rising of 1916.

Peadar Kearney was born on Lower Dorset Street, Dublin in 1883. Having left school at age 14, he trained as a house painter. He was a member of the garrison which fought at Jacob’s biscuit factory during the 1916 Easter Rising. He later fought in the War of Independence which ended with signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty on December on December 6th 1921.

Peadar Kearney supported the democratic decision of the people and served under Michael Collins during the Civil War. He was with Michael Collins at Béal na mBláith when Collins was assassinated on August 16th 1922. Following the death of Collins, Kearney abandoned politics and returned to house painting. He died in Dublin at the age of 59 on November 23rd 1942.

Peadar Kearney, who wrote the lyrics of what is now the Irish National Anthem, was born in the year 1883 On This Day.




11 December-Chris Hughton

Chris Hughton is a former Irish international football player who played with distinction for the Republic of Ireland. He spent most of his career playing with clubs in the English Premier League and played 53 times for his country. Following retirement as a player in 1993 Hughton began a career as a football manager.

Chris Hughton was born Christopher William Gerard Hughton in Forest Gate, Essex, England in 1958. His mother was from Ireland and his father was a native of Ghana. In 1977 he began his playing career with London club, Tottenham Hotspur. He remained with the club for thirteen years making 297 appearances. Hughton later played for West Ham United and Brentford.

In 1997 Hughton made his first appearance for the Republic of Ireland. He became the Ireland’s first mixed race player and played 53 times for the country. Following retirement for his playing career Hughton began a career as a football manager. He is currently manager of premier team Brighton Hove Albion.

Chris Hughton former Irish international footballer, was born in the year 1958 On This Day.

Chris Hughton



10 December-Desmond Tutu

South African cleric, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, played a leading role in drawing attention to the iniquities of apartheid at home and abroad. Born on October 7th 1931 he was the first black Archbishop of Cape Town and Bishop of the Anglican Church of South Africa. A strong advocate of the nonviolent path to liberation, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984.

In 1978 Desmond Tutu was selected as the General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches. The appointment put him in a powerful position to advocate for an end to apartheid. Apartheid finally came to an end in 1993 and Archbishop Tutu was given the honour of introducing the newly elected Nelson Mandela as President to the nation in 1994. President Mandela appointed Archbishop Tutu as head Truth and Reconciliation Commission investigating and reporting on the human rights violations of the previous 34 years in South Africa.

The Most Revd Desmond Tutu, Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in the year 1984 On This Day.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu