18 August-Walter Chrysler

Walter Chrysler was an engineer and automobile manufacturer who was a native of the United States. He founded the Chrysler Corporation in 1925. The Chrysler Corporation has its headquarters in Auburn Hills, Michigan. It is now a subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.

Walter Percy Chrysler was born in Wamego, Kansas on April 2nd 1875. He trained as a railroad mechanic. Chrysler worked with railroad companies until 1911 when he began working for the Buick Motor Company in Flint, Michigan. He worked in various automobile manufacturing roles before he established the Chrysler Corporation, in Detroit, Michigan, in 1925.

Walter Chrysler, founder of the Chrysler Corporation, died at the age of 65 in the year 1940 On This Day.

Walter P. Chrysler at White House (cropped).png

Walter P. Chrysler at White House.png

 

18 August-Bruce Forsyth

Bruce Forsyth, who was famous as a television presenter, actor, comedian, singer and screenwriter was a native of England. The winner of numerous awards, he was entered in the Guinness Book of Records as the male entertainer with the longest television career. He was the host of several shows including ‘Sunday Night at the London Palladium’, ‘The Bruce Forsyth Show’ and ‘The Generation Game’.

Bruce Forsyth was born Bruce Joseph Forsyth-Johnson on February 22nd 1928 in Edmonton, Middlesex. Having begun his show business career at the age of 14 he made his television debut in 1939. He achieved success when he began working as the host of ‘Sunday Night at the London Palladium’ in 1958. He had a successful show business career until his retirement in 2015.

Bruce Forsyth, award winning entertainer died aged 89 in the year 2017 On This Day.

 

 

 

17 August-Animal Farm

Animal Farm is an award winning novella written by George Orwell. It is regarded as the most famous political allegory of the 20th century. It describes how a group of farm animals revolt against the tyranny of their human master. The animals are then subjected a far greater tyranny by their own kind.

In Animal Farm, Orwell reflects the rise to power of the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin. The Communist Party seized power from Tsar Nicolas II following the Russian Revolution of 1917. The dictatorship of the Tsar was eventually replaced by the even more brutal dictatorship of Stalin.

Animal Farm by George Orwell was first published in the year 1945 On This Day.

George Orwell, c. 1940

 

 

13 August-Fidel Castro

Fidel Castro was a revolutionary leader who came to power in Cuba in 1959. He led a campaign which led to the overthrow of the American backed President Fulgencio Batista. Castro was a Marxist–Leninist under whose rule Cuba became a one-party communist state.

Fidel Castro was born Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz in Birán in eastern Cuba in 1926. Having qualified as a lawyer he became involved in leftist politics. He was imprisoned for his activities in 1953. Following release from prison Castro moved to Mexico where he established a revolutionary group. He returned to Cuba where following a guerrilla war he came to power in 1959.

Following the overthrow of Batista, Castro assumed military and political power. He began to nationalise American economic assets and forge closer links with the Soviet Union. In response the United States Government made several attempts, without success, to remove Castro from office. He remained in power until 2008 when handed over control to his brother Raul. Fidel Castro died in 2016 aged 90.

Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary leader who came to power in 1959 was born in the year 1926 On This Day.

Fidel Castro

12 August-Quagga

The Quagga was a unique variety of plains zebra. Once found in great numbers in South Africa the Quagga became extinct in the late 19th century. They were hunted to extinction following the Dutch settlement of South Africa.

The Quagga was valuable for its unique hide. It also competed for vegetation needed for domesticated livestock. Some Quaggas were taken to various Zoos in Europe. Breeding in captivity was not successful and the Quagga was extinct in the wild by 1878.

The last Quagga died at Artis Zoo (Natura Artis Magistra) in Amsterdam, Netherlands in the year 1883 On This Day.

Quagga mare at London Zoo, 1870

Quigga the Quagga