12 December-Boys Town

Boys Town is located in Nebraska, USA. It is an organisation dedicated to caring for children and families. It was founded in 1917 by Monsignor Edward Flanagan who was a native of Roscommon, Ireland. A film called Boys Town, based on the life of Fr Flanagan was made in 1938. Spencer Tracy playing the part of Fr Flanagan won an Oscar for Best Actor. Today Boys Town is a national organisation with twelve regional headquarters across the United States.

Located ten miles west of Omaha, Boys Town was originally founded to cater for homeless boys. It was opened to girls in 1979. Boys Town did not use the reform school model but instead emphasised the social preparation of children in its care. The model became the standard in several countries.

Boys Town was opened in Nebraska, USA by Monsignor Edward Flanagan from Roscommon, Ireland in the year 1917 On This Day.

Boys Town, Omaha

 

 

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11 December-Erskine Childers

Erskine Childers was elected 4th President of Ireland in 1973. A politician who served in several government ministries during his career, Childers was a member of the Fianna Fáil Party. His father Robert Erskine Childers was a British born writer who spent his childhood in Ireland and played a major role in the Irish revolution.

Erskine Hamilton Childers was born in London, England in 1905. A graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge, he came to Ireland in 1931 to work for the Irish Press newspaper. He was elected to Dáil Eireann in 1938. He was re-elected at each subsequent election until he resigned his seat in 1973 to become President of Ireland. He died in office at the age of 78 on November 17th 1974.

Erskine Childers, who served as the 4th president of Ireland, was born in the year 1905 On This Day.

File:Erskine Hamilton Childers.jpg

Erskine Childers

 

 

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10 December-Lord of the Rings

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring’ is a film based on first volume of The Lord of the Rings. The Lord of the Rings is a fantasy novel which was written by J R R Tolkien. It was published in three volumes over a 15 month period from July 1954 to October 1955. The publication of The Fellowship of the Ring in 1954 was followed by The Two Towers and The Return of the King.

When the ‘The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring’ was released in 2001 it was highly acclaimed. In 2002 it was nominated for thirteen Academy Awards and was the winner of four. The film has been a huge financial success, earning to date over $800 million dollars worldwide.

‘The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring’ was premiered at the Odeon Leicester Square in London in the year 2001 On This Day.

Lord of the Rings

The Fellowship of the Ring photo

The Lord of the Ring – The Fellowship of the Rings by ~Beekeeper~ on 2011-07-16 16:18:12

 

 

 

 

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10 December-Playboy

Playboy Magazine was founded by Hugh Hefner. The magazine is famous for its centrefolds of nude and semi-nude models who are called Playmates. Hefner founded Playboy Magazine on October 1st 1953. Today it is a global publication with a circulation of almost 700,000.

 Hugh Marston Hefner was born in Chicago, Illinois on April 9th 1926. He was educated locally and served in the U.S. Army from 1944 to 1946. Following military service he studied at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. He graduated with a BA in psychology and creative writing in 1949. Following graduation he worked for a time with Esquire Magazine.

In 1953 Hefner raised almost $8,000, which included $1,000 from his mother, to establish Playboy Magazine. The first issue had Marilyn Monroe as a centrefold. The publication was a success and today Playboy is one of the world’s best known brands.

The first issue of Playboy went on sale in the year 1953 On This Day

Playboy

 

 

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10 December-Nobel

Alfred Nobel was a chemist and engineer who was a native of Sweden. The inventor of dynamite he became a wealthy businessman. His fortune was used to institute the Nobel Prizes.

Alfred Bernhard Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden on October 21st 1833. He excelled academically and as a young man he worked in his father’s armaments business. He invented dynamite and was also a manufacturer of armaments. He established companies in several countries in Europe and North America. He

Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite whose fortune was used to establish the Nobel Prizes, died in Sanremo, Italy at the age of 63 in the year 1896 On This Day.

Alfred Nobel, the founder of the Nobel Peace Prize

 

 

 

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