26 December-Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage was a native of England. Considered by many to be the grandfather of the computer he was a mathematician and inventor. He met with George Boole Professor of Mathematics at University College Cork, Ireland when they both attended Great London Exposition of 1862. Boole is described as the ‘father of the information age’.

Charles Babbage was born in London, England in 1791. Having graduated from the University of Cambridge in 1814 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1816. He was one of the founders of Royal Astronomical Society and the Royal Statistical Society. He served as Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge.

Having built a small calculator Babbage began building the ‘Difference Machine’ in 1823. The machine was capable of performing calculations to 20 decimals. During the 1830’s he worked on the design of the Analytical Engine which was programmed using punched cards. The ‘Engine’ had most of the elements of the modern-day computer.

Babbage visited Ireland on three occasions. He was the first person to sign the visitors’ book at Birr Castle following the completion of the building of the Great Telescope there in 1845. He regularly corresponded with Professor Boole. Babbage died in London at the age of 79 on October 18th 1871.

Charles Babbage, who is considered to be the grandfather of the computer was born in the year 1791 On This Day.

Babbage and His Brain

Babbage’s Difference Engine

 

 

06 March-Archbishop John MacHale

John MacHale was a native of County Mayo Ireland. He served as Roman Catholic Archbishop of Tuam from 1834 to 1881. Often referred to as ‘The Lion of the West’, Dr McHale worked to secure Catholic Emancipation. He also became involved in national events of the day and strongly supported use of the Irish language.

John MacHale was born in the townland of Tobbernavine on the shores of Lough Conn between Crosmolina and Castlebar Co Mayo in March 1791. He was educated locally and at the school of Patrick Staunton in Castlebar where he was taught Latin, Greek and English. At the age of sixteen MacHale was awarded a bursary by the Bishop of Killala and he entered St Patricks College Maynooth.

Following his ordination to the priesthood in 1814 he was appointed lecturer in Dogmatic Theology at Maynooth. MacHale remained in Maynooth until his appointment as Coadjutor Bishop of Killala in 1825. Dr. MacHale was appointed Archbishop of Tuam in August 1834.

The British authorities vigorously opposed his appointment because of his many challenges to the policy of the Government. He was a strong supporter and friend of Daniel O’Connell. MacHale resisted the Education Act and supported denominational education. He also supported the Repeal Association and objected to the Queen’s Colleges. Some of his policies put him at odds with many of his fellow bishops in Ireland. Often referred to as ‘The Lion of the West’ Dr McHale served as Archbishop of Tuam for forty seven years until his death at the age of 91 in 1881.

John McHale, Archbishop of Tuam, was born in the year 1791 On This Day.

Lahardane photo

Archbishop John MacHale. Elaborate 20th century Celtic Cross Lahardane, Co Mayo March 1991

Photo by sludgegulper

Turlough Round Tower

 

05 December-Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian composer who is widely regarded as one of the greatest and most influential composers of all time. He created several operas, concertos, symphonies and sonatas. Mozart became well known during his lifetime and today, is among the most popular of classical composers.

Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria on January 27th 1756. His father, a composer and conductor who worked for the Bishop of Salzburg. Mozart and his sister Nannerl (Maria Anna) were introduced to music from an early age by their father. The children learned rapidly and by the age of five Wolfgang was showing an outstanding ability at playing instruments. He had also composed some simple minuets. In 1762 at the age of six he began playing in public. He travelled with his family on tours to cities such as Munich, Paris and London.

In 1769 at the age of 13 Mozart made the first of three tours of Italy. In 1777 he travelled to Paris with his mother. His mother died in 1779 and Mozart returned to Salzburg where he was engaged as court musician. He did not like his new post and moved to Vienna in 1781 in search of a better position. While travelling Mozart continued to compose.

Though he travelled widely in Europe he never visited Ireland. However, one of his friends was the tenor and composer Michael Kelly from Dublin. They met in Vienna where Kelly had given a performance for the Emperor. Kelly met Mozart and his wife Constance for dinner and later was a regular visitor to the Mozart’s home. Michael Kelly performed the part of Don Curzio in the premiere of Mozart’s ‘The Marriage of Figaro’. During his lifetime Mozart composed more than 625 works including symphonies, concertos, and operas. His last composition, Requiem, was largely unfinished at the time of his death.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died at the age of 35 in the year 1791 On This Day.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–91) by Barbara Krafft (1764–1825), 1819 by Royal Opera House Covent Garden on 2011-08-09 18:59:43

Mozart by –Filippo– on 2006-08-05 09:24:51

 

17 August-Richard Lalor Sheil

Richard Lalor Sheil was a native of County Kilkenny, Ireland. His father was a successful merchant who had become wealthy trading with Spain. During his lifetime Sheil became known both as a dramatist and politician. He wrote plays which were produced both in Dublin and London. He served as an MP for constituencies in Ireland and England.

Richard Lalor Sheil was born near Slieverue, Co Kilkenny 1791. When Sheil was a child his family moved to their newly built mansion at Bellevue near Waterford City. In his early years he was educated at home. At the age of eleven in 1802, he was transferred to a school at Kensington, London. Two years later he was sent to Stonyhurst College in Lancashire and entered Trinity College Dublin in 1807. He took an active part in student politics in TCD and graduated with a BA degree in 1811. Sheil then went to London to study law and was admitted to the Irish bar in 1814.

Sheil became active in politics in Ireland and was a leading figure in the campaign for Catholic Emancipation. He initially disagreed with policies of Daniel O’Connell. However he and O’Connell cooperated in founding the Catholic Association in 1823. They campaigned vigorously on the issue and Sheil was O’Connell’s agent when O’Connell was successfully elected MP for Co Clare in the by-election of 1828. Catholic Emancipation was granted in the following year. In the election of 1830 Sheil was himself elected for Milborne Port in Somerset, England.

In 1833 Sheil was elected as MP for Co Tipperary and in 1841 for Dungarvan Co Waterford. He worked initially with O’Connell for the repeal of the Act of Union but in later years he distanced himself from the issue. He was appointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade in 1838 and between 1846 and 1850 served as Master of the Mint. During his time at the Mint he was accused of sectarianism when ‘Defensatrix Fidei: Dei gratia’ was omitted from a new silver florin.

Sheil was appointed ambassador to the court of Tuscany at Florence in November 1850. He paid a brief visit to Ireland before departing for Italy. Sheil died in Florence just six months after his arrival there on May 25th 1851 at the age of 59. His body was conveyed to Ireland on a British warship. He was buried at Long Orchard, Templetuohy, Co Tipperary.

Richard Lalor Sheil, politician and dramatist, was born in the year 1791 On This Day.

Image from page 7 of “Treasury of Irish eloquence, being a compendium of Irish oratory and literature” (1882) by Internet Archive Book Images on 1882-01-01 00:00:00

Image from page 452 of “Treasury of Irish eloquence, being a compendium of Irish oratory and literature” (1882) by Internet Archive Book Images on 1882-01-01 00:00:00

 

17 August-Richard Lalor Sheil

Richard Lalor Sheil was born near Slieverue County Kilkenny. As a child his family moved to Bellevue near Waterford. He graduated in law from Trinity College Dublin and was the author of several plays. He became active in politics and was one of the leading supporters of Daniel O Connell in the struggle for Catholic Emancipation which was achieved in 1829. He became the first Catholic Privy Councillor. He served as MP in the British parliament for Louth, Tipperary and Dungarvan. Richard Lalor Sheil was born in 1791 On This Day

Richard Lalor Sheil photo

Photo by The British Library

Richard Lalor Sheil photo

Photo by Internet Archive Book Images

Tuscany photo