16 April-Lord Lucan

George Charles Bingham, who lived from 1800 to 1888, was the 3rd Earl of Lucan. He was also known as Lord Lucan of Castlebar, Co Mayo, Ireland. He was one of the most dreaded landlords in Ireland. Lord Lucan was also a British Army Officer who ordered the infamous Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava in 1854 during the Crimean War.

George Charles Bingham was born in London, England in 1800. He was a descendant of Patrick Sarsfield who led the Flight of the Wild Geese from Ireland following the signing of the Treaty of Limerick in 1691. Sarsfield was the 1st Earl of Lucan. The 3rd Earl of Lucan was educated in England and joined the British Army at the age of 16.

Lucan retired from the army in 1837. He moved to Mayo to manage the family estates which extended to over 60,000 acres. In the late 1840’s during the Great Famine in Ireland he carried out wholesale evictions of his tenants. His activities led to him becoming known in Mayo as ‘the exterminator’.

Lucan was given command of a cavalry division at the outbreak of the Crimean War in 1854. His actions during the Battle of Balaclava led to him being recalled to London. Though he remained in the army he had no further active military commands. He died in London on November 10th 1888.

George Charles Bingham, the 3rd Earl of Lucan, who was also known as Lord Lucan of Castlebar, Co Mayo, Ireland was born in the year 1800 On This Day.

George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan.png

3rd Earl of Lucan

Engraving by D J Pound after a photograph by John Watkins

 

 

 

 

02 July-Acts of Union 1800

The Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on January 1st 1801 under the Acts of Union 1800. Two acts were passed, one in Dublin and one in London, to give effect to the Union. The first act, known as ‘The Union with Ireland Act 1800’ was passed by the British Parliament in July 1800. In August 1800 the Irish Parliament passed ‘The Act of Union (Ireland) 1800

In 1169, at the invitation of Diarmait Mac Murchada (Diarmuid MacMorrough), the Normans invaded Ireland to help MacMorrough regain his position as King of Leinster. The Holy See of Rome abolished the High Kingship of Ireland in 1171 and brought Ireland under the temporal power of the English monarch. The English monarch had to pay an annual tribute to the papacy which was levied on Ireland.

In 1542 the Irish Parliament passed the Crown of Ireland Act proclaiming Henry VIII, King of Ireland. The act, which was read out in Parliament in both English and Irish brought about the combination of the two states under the same monarch. However the boundaries, laws and interests remained distinct. This arrangement remained in place until January 1st 1801. From that date Irish members of parliament were elected to the British House of Commons where Ireland was allocated 100 seats.

The Union with Ireland Act 1800 was passed by the British House of Commons in the year 1800 On This Day.

Image from page 359 of “The annals of England : an epitome of English history, from co[n]temporary writers, the rolls of Parliament, and other public records” (1862) by Internet Archive Book Images on 1862-01-01 00:00:00