05 July-Salvation Army

The Salvation Army is an international Christian charitable organisation with a presence in 127 countries around the world. With the words ‘Blood and Fire’ on its crest, it has a quasi-military structure and has over 1.5 million members. It was founded by William and Catherine Booth in 1865.

Their work among the poor and destitute in the East End of London led the Booths to establish the Salvation Army. William Booth became the General of the Army with others being appointed as officers and soldiers. Established religions and some in public life were at first hostile to the work of the Salvation Army. In time however the good work being done by the organisation came to be recognised.

The Salvation Army, an international Christian charitable organisation, was founded by William and Catherine Booth in the year 1865 On This Day.

Salvation Army

10 October-Magee College Derry/Londonderry

Magee College is located in Derry, Co Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It is one of four campuses which make up the University of Ulster. The University of Ulster is a public research university, which is the second largest university on the island of Ireland.

Magee College was founded in 1865 as a college for theology and the arts. It was established for the training of Presbyterian ministers with an endowment by Martha Maria Magee. Mrs Magee, who was resident in Dublin was the widow of a Presbyterian minister. Today the college offers a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate programmes and has a student population of over 5,000.

Magee College was opened in the City of Derry/Londonderry, Northern Ireland in the year 1865 On This Day.

Modern Gothic church or institutional / ecclesiastical building much battlemented, turretted” is Magee College


02 September-William Rowan Hamilton

William Rowan Hamilton was a physicist and mathematician who was a native of Dublin, Ireland. He is best known as the inventor of Quaternions. On October 16th 1843 whilst walking with his wife along the banks of the Royal Canal in Dublin he realised that the solution to three-dimensional geometry was in quadruplets. He carved his equation (i2 = j2 = k2 = ijk = −1) onto a stone on Broom Bridge with his penknife. His invention is used in areas such as computer graphics and control theory.

William Rowan Hamilton, mathematician and astronomer died in Dublin at the age of 60 in the year 1865 On This Day.



09 May-Dublin International Exhibition 1865

Three major exhibitions were held in Dublin during the 1800’s. The first exhibition, known as the Great Industrial Exhibition was held in 1853. It was funded by William Dargan an engineer from Carlow, who is known as ‘the father of Irish railways’.

The second exhibition, known as The Dublin International Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures was held in 1865. The Exhibition was held in the present day Iveagh Gardens to the rear of the National Concert Hall. The site was provided by the Guinness family, at what were described as very reasonable terms.

An Exhibition Palace and Winter Garden were built on the site. As well as the Palace, a concert hall and sunken archery garden were also constructed. The concert hall had a seating capacity of 3,000. The enormous crystal Palace built of wrought iron and glass was constructed to the rear.

The exhibition was divided into six different classes. Five of these contained industrial products and the sixth was dedicated to the fine arts. 298 sculptures were exhibited most of which were located in the Central Hall.

The Dublin International Exhibition was opened by Prince Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales in the year 1865 On This Day.

Dublin – National Concert Hall – Earlsfort Terrace


14 April-President Abraham Lincoln Assassination

Captain Edward Doherty whose parents was from Sligo led the 16th New York Cavalry which captured John Wilkes Booth the assassin of President Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States of America. He served as President of the United States from 1861 until he was assassinated in 1865. The American Civil War took place during his presidency. Lincoln succeeded in preserving the Union. He abolished slavery and modernised the American economy.

The American Civil War had effectively ended when the Confederate, General Lee, surrendered to General Grant on April 9th 1865. Five days after the surrender President Lincoln attended the play ‘Our American Cousin’ at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. John Wilkes Booth who was a well-known actor at the time was also a Confederate sympathiser. He was strongly opposed to the abolition of slavery in the United States. He was a vehement opponent of Lincoln and in a desperate plan to save the confederacy he decided to shoot the President.

On the night of the attack on President Lincoln, Booth managed to enter the Presidential box in the theatre and lock the door from the inside. During a part of the play where there was loud laughter, Booth, using a small pistol, shot the President in the back of the head. President Lincoln died a few hours later. Booth attacked another occupant of the box and then jumped onto the stage, breaking one of his legs.

Booth escaped from the theatre and, with an accomplice, travelled south to Virginia. He was hiding in a barn on a tobacco farm when he was tracked down by Doherty whose soldiers surrounded the barn. Booth refused to surrender, was shot and died a short time later. His body was brought back to Washington by Doherty and the 16th New York Cavalry.

The body of President Lincoln was conveyed by train from Washington DC to be buried at Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield Illinois where he had lived before becoming President. Millions turned out to view the funeral train along the route. He was only 56 years old when he died and was the first President of America to be assassinated.

Captain Edward Doherty died in New York on April 3rd 1897. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery where the inscription on his tombstone reads: ‘Commanded detachment of 16th N.Y. Cavalry which captured President Lincoln’s assassin April 26, 1865’. General Kavanagh of the US Army travelled to Sligo where he arranged for the inscription: ‘Captain Edward P. Doherty The Brave Avenger of President Lincoln’ to be placed on the tombstone on the family grave in Sligo.

President Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States of America, was shot by John Wilkes Booth in the year 1865 On This Day.

President Abraham Lincoln Assassination

Image from page 12 of “The assassination of Abraham Lincoln : flight, pursuit, capture, and punishment of the conspirators”