26 November-Charles M Schulz

Charles M Schulz was an award winning cartoonist who was a native of the United States. He is best known as the creator of the popular comic strip ‘Peanuts’. The strip which featured characters such as Charlie Browne and Snoopy became a global publication. It was published in over 2000 newspapers around the world. Charles M Schulz received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1996.

Charles Monroe Schulz was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1922. Educated locally, he was interested in drawing from a young age. His drawing of the family dog ‘Spike’ was published when he was 15 years old. Schulz began submitting drawings to various publications and on October 2nd 1950 ‘Peanuts was published for the first time. Its popularity grew quickly. Over almost 50 years the comic strip appeared in publications in 75 countries around the world.

Charles M Schulz, the cartoonist who created the popular comic strip ‘Peanuts’ was born in the year 1922 On This Day.

Charles M. Shulz at “Camp Snoopy’s” 10th anniversary, 1993

Peanuts

 

 

01 June-Royal Ulster Constabulary

The Royal Ulster Constabulary was the police force in Northern Ireland. It had been the police force there since 1922. On November 4th 2001 it was replaced by the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI).

The Peace Preservation act of 1814 brought about the first police force in Ireland. However it was the Irish Constabulary Act of 1822 that saw the real beginning of an Irish Police Force. Under that Act a police force was established in each province in Ireland. A police command structure was put in place which had its headquarters in Dublin. The Constabulary (Ireland) Act of 1836 further reorganised the new police force and led to the introduction a constabulary code of regulations.

Permission to name The Irish Constabulary as the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) was granted by Queen Victoria in 1867. The Dublin Metropolitan Police had responsibility for the policing of Dublin and the cities of Belfast and Derry for a time but it later became a separate division within the RIC. The RIC became the model for many other police forces around the world.

Following the ratification of the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1922 the RIC was replaced by new police forces, called the Civic Guard and the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC). Sir Charles George Wickham was appointed as the first Inspector-General of the RUC when it was established on June 1st 1922. Wickham was from Tadcaster, Yorkshire in England. He remained in charge of the RUC until 1945.

As part of the Good Friday Agreement of 1998 an Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland was set up. The report of the Commission was published in 1999. The implementation of the recommendations of the report brought about a major reorganisation of policing in Northern Ireland. Under its terms the Royal Ulster Constabulary was replaced by the Police Service of Northern Ireland.

The Royal Ulster Constabulary was established in the year 1922 On This Day.

RUC Royal Ulster Constabulary cap badge

 

 

22 February-Garda Síochána

An Garda Síochána (Guardians of the Peace) is the police force of Ireland. The headquarters of An Garda Síochána is located in the Phoenix Park in Dublin. The force, which is headed by a commissioner has as its motto, ‘Working with communities to protect and serve’

The Peace Preservation Act of 1814 brought about the establishment of the first police force in Ireland. However it was not until the 1822 Irish Constabulary Act was passed that the force was established in every province in Ireland. The Irish Constabulary were renamed the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) in 1867. The Dublin Metropolitan Police had responsibility for Dublin and the cities of Belfast and Derry for a time but later became a separate division within the RIC. The RIC became the model for many other police forces around the world.

Following the ratification of the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1922 the RIC was replaced by new police forces, called the Civic Guard and the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC). When the Civic Guard was established Michael Staines from Newport Co Mayo was appointed as first Commissioner on August 17th 1922. The Civic Guard was later named An Garda Síochána. When the force was named An Garda Síochána Commissioner Staines stated, ‘The Garda Síochána will succeed not by force of arms or numbers, but on their moral authority as servants of the people’. An Garda Síochána today has over 14,000 members. It is primarily an unarmed force.

An Garda Síochána was formed in the year 1922 On This Day.

Garda Síochána

An Garda Síochána

 

 

 

 

Garda Síochána photo

Garda Siochana LAPEL PIN by conner395 

05 February-Readers Digest

Reader’s Digest is a monthly magazine which gives a summarised version of articles from other sources. The magazine has its headquarters in New York City but is published in more than seventy countries around the world. The magazine which is compact in size is also published in Braille.

Reader’s Digest was founded by DeWitt Wallace and his wife, Lila Acheson. Wallace had been wounded while serving with the US Army in France during World War 1. Whilst recuperating in a French hospital he began reading magazines. When he returned to the US he decided to publish a magazine which would cover a wide variety of subjects.

The first edition of the magazine was published in 1922. Its popularity grew rapidly and it was the best-selling consumer magazine in the USA until 2009. It has a global circulation of over 10 million and is sold in more than 70 countries around the world.

Readers Digest was first published in the year 1922 On This Day.

Volkswagen Advertisement Readers Digest July 1966

 

 

01 February-William Desmond Taylor

William Desmond Taylor was a famous Hollywood actor and director who was a native of Carlow town, Ireland. He acted in several films and directed over fifty films before his death in 1922. Taylor was popular and well-known figure in Hollywood during the early part of the 20th century. He was a founding member of the Motion Picture Director’s Association.

William Desmond Taylor was born at Evington House, Carlow, Ireland on 26th April 1872. His real name was William Cunningham Deane-Tanner. His father Major Kearns Deane‐Tanner who was born in Cork, was an officer in the Carlow Rifles and was stationed in the Military barracks in Carlow town. Major Tanner served as Captain of the Carlow Volunteer Fire Brigade when it was established in 1878. Taylor’s uncle, Dr Charles Kearns Deane Tanner was an MP for mid Cork who was actively involved in the Plan of Campaign and was a supporter of Home Rule for Ireland.

When Taylor was young his family moved to Dublin. When he failed the army entrance test his father sent him to work on a ranch in America. He later moved to New York City where in 1901 he married Ethel May Hamilton who was the daughter of a wealthy stockbroker. The couple had one daughter. He ran a highly successful antique shop in New York City until he mysteriously disappeared in 1908.

Taylor turned up four years later in Hollywood having changed his name to William Desmond Taylor. He worked initially as an actor but later as a director of silent movies. He directed, with great success, several films including Tom Sawyer (1917). In 1918 he enlisted in the Canadian Army in order to serve in World War 1. He returned to Hollywood after the war and had success directing films such as Anne of Green Gables (1919) and Huckleberry Finn (1920).

The last film which Taylor directed was The Green Temptation just before he was murdered in 1922. His body was discovered in the living room of his home in Los Angeles. All investigators could say was that he had been shot once in the back. Several suspects were questioned but nobody was ever charged and Taylor’s murder is officially a cold case. When he was buried his daughter, Ethel Daisy, put his real name on his headstone.

William Desmond Taylor, Irish born silent film director and actor, was shot dead in his home at the age of 49 in Los Angeles, California in the year 1922 On This Day.

William Desmond Taylor