19 June-Valentina Tereshkova

Valentina Tereshkova was a Russian cosmonaut. In 1963 she became the first woman in history to go into space. She spent almost three days in space piloting the Vostok 6 spacecraft. She orbited the Earth 48 times. Following her mission Tereshkova was honoured with the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

Valentina Tereshkova was born on March 6, 1937 in Bolshoye Maslennikovo, a village about 275km north of Moscow. She was chosen for the women-in-space programme from over 400 applicants because of her expertise as a parachutist. Following training Tereshkova was launched into space from Baikonur Cosmodrome in southern Kazakhstan on June 16th 1963.

Together with operating the spacecraft Tereshkova maintained a flight log and took photographs. During the mission she spoke with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev. She spent 2 days, 22 hours and 50 minutes in space.

Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to have flown in space, returned safely to earth in the year 1963 On This Day.

Valentina Tereshkova

Valentina Tereshkov



08 March-Carlow Credit Union

The Credit Union in Carlow town, Ireland is based in Credit Union House, Askea, Carlow. It is one of the largest community based credit unions in Ireland. Founded over 50 years ago it now has around 40,000 accounts and shares of over €55 million. John Hume winner of the Nobel Prize for peace officially opened the new Credit Union offices on the Staplestown Road when it moved there on September 11th 2004.

The first urban credit unions were founded in Germany in 1852. It was not until 1864 that the first rural credit union was founded by Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen in Heddesdorf in western Germany. Credit union’s gradually spread to other countries and the first one was established in Ireland in Dublin in December 1953. The credit union movement spread quickly to all parts of Ireland. Today in Ireland over 2.9 million people are credit union members and have savings approaching €11.9 billion.

Ten years after the establishment the credit union in Dublin a credit union was established in Carlow town with 15 volunteers and a total fund of £15. The original credit union operated out of rooms in the C.Y.M.S (Catholic Young Men’s Society) hall on College Street. It later moved to a room in the Presentation Schools on Tullow Street. In 1966 a building on Burrin Street was purchased. The Credit Union in Carlow continued to grow and by the 1980’s the building on Burrin Street had been renovated and transformed to meet the growing demand for its services. It changed from a one room operation to a building with a large public office and several other offices.

The building on Burrin Street eventually became unsuitable to meet the needs of the community and the credit union moved to new purpose built offices on the Staplestown Road in 2004. On September 17th 2015 Carlow District Credit Union announced the completion of the transfer of engagement with Ballon & Rathoe Credit Union Ltd. The village of Ballon is located about 20km south of Carlow town. The new arrangement further expands the business of the credit union in Carlow and provides an enhanced service for the members in Ballon and Rathoe.

Carlow District Credit Union began business in the year 1963 On This Day.

Carlow Credit Union Headquarters.




23 November-Doctor Who

Doctor Who is science fiction television programme. It centres on a time traveller called The Doctor who comes from a race known as the Time Lords. The home planet of the Time Lords is Gallifrey. The Doctor and his companions explore the universe in a time travelling ship known as the TARDIS.

In their travels Doctor Who and his companions face various enemies as they work to right wrongs and save people and civilisations. The programme has attracted audiences of up to 14 million in the UK and is currently broadcast weekly in over 50 countries.

The first episode of Doctor Who appeared on BBC1 television in the year 1963 On This Day.

Doctor Who


22 November-C S Lewis

C S Lewis, author, essayist, broadcaster and lecturer was a native of Belfast, N. Ireland. He was the author of works such as The Chronicles of Narnia, Space Trilogy and The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. Lewis was a friend and colleague of the writer, scholar and philologist J R R Tolkien.

Clive Staples Lewis was born in Belfast on November 29th 1898. Having studied at various institutions including Campbell College, Belfast he was awarded a scholarship to University College, Oxford in 1916. Following graduation in 1925, Lewis was elected a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford. He remained at Oxford until 1954 when he was appointed chair of Mediaeval and Renaissance Literature at Cambridge University.

At Oxford University, Lewis and Tolkien worked in the English department. They were members a literary group known as the ‘Inklings’. Millions of copies of the works of C S Lewis Lewis’s have been sold. The Chronicles of Narnia are the most popular and have been adapted into various films for television and cinema.

C S Lewis died at the age of 64 at his home in Oxford, England in the year 1963 On This Day.

C. S. Lewis by sfjalar on 2008-10-20 17:57:49


22 November-John Fitzgerald Kennedy

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States of America. His ancestors on his father’s side came from Wexford and on his mother’s side from Limerick. During his time as President he had deal with events such as the Cuban Missile Crisis and the building of the Berlin Wall. He initiated the Apollo Programme which led eventually to the moon landings.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29th 1917. He graduated from Harvard with Bachelor of Arts in government in 1940. Kennedy served in the US Navy during World War II and was decorated for heroism. After the war he served as a Democratic Congressman and in 1953 was elected to the US Senate. Following the Presidential election of 1960 Kennedy was inaugurated President of the USA in January 1961 at age 43.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was assassinated while on a visit to Dallas, Texas in the year 1963 On This Day.

President Kennedy Addresses Congress May 25, 1961 by NASA on The Commons on 1961-05-25 00:00:00

Halloween Visitors to the Oval Office. Caroline Kennedy, President Kennedy, John F. Kennedy, Jr. White House, Oval Office, 10/31/1963 by The U.S. National Archives on 1963-10-31 12:00:00