20 November-Joe Biden

Joe Biden was the 47th Vice President of the United States of America. He served for two terms from 2009 to 2017. A lawyer by profession, Biden served as US Senator for Delaware from 1973 to 2009. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom with distinction in 2017.

Joseph Robinette Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania in 1942. He worked for time as an attorney before becoming involved in politics. In 1972 Biden was elected United States Senator from Delaware. When he resigned from the Senate in 2009 he had become the longest-serving senator in Delaware history.

Barack Obama chose Biden as his running mate in the 2008 Presidential election. They won the election and Biden became the first person from Delaware and the first Roman Catholic, to serve as Vice President of the United States. Following President Obama re-election as President in 2012 Biden earned a second term as Vice President.

Joe Biden, 47th President of the United States of America was born in the year 1942 On This Day.

Joe Biden

 

 

 

15 November-Jacob’s Biscuits

Jacob’s biscuits were first baked in Waterford, Ireland in 1851. Today, Jacob’s is an iconic brand for several types of biscuits and cream crackers. They are sold in Ireland, Great Britain and around the world.

William Beale Jacob and his brother Robert established a biscuit bakery, W & R Jacob, in Bridge Street, Waterford in 1851. The company moved to Dublin and established a bakery in Peter’s Row. By the 1860’s Jacob’s had become the second largest employer in Dublin after Guinness.

Jacob’s manufactured a range of biscuits for sale in Ireland and Britain. In 1885 the company began to manufacture cream crackers. The cream cracker was invented in Dublin by Joseph Haughton and is one of the most famous of the Jacob’s brand. It was introduced to the market in Great Britain in 1883.

In 1914 Jacob’s opened a factory in Liverpool, England. The company continued to expand in Ireland and in 1970 moved a new premises in Tallaght on the south side of Dublin city. After 156 years of making biscuits in Ireland Jacob’s ceased the manufacture of biscuits at its Dublin plant in 2009.

Jacob’s Bakery, manufacturer of biscuits and cream crackers in Ireland, celebrated the 150th anniversary of its foundation in the year 2001 On This Day.

Cream Cracker

 

 

 

 

14 November-Charles Carroll

Charles Carroll was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776. His father, Daniel Carroll was born in the Townland of Aghagurty near Kinnitty Co Offaly in 1696. Known as Charles Carroll of Carrollton he was the only Catholic signatory of the Declaration of Independence.

Daniel Carroll emigrated to America in 1689. He settled in St. Mary’s City, capital of the colony of Maryland, where he married Eleanor Darnall. She was the owner of a large plantation near Upper Marlboro in the state of Maryland. The couple had 7 children. Their son Charles Carroll, one of the signatories of the US Declaration of Independence was born September 19th 1737.

Charles Carroll’s brother John, with whom he studied at the College of St. Omer in French Flanders joined the Jesuit Order. He served as the first bishop and Archbishop in the United States. Bishop John Carroll was also the founder of Georgetown University, the oldest Catholic and Jesuit institution in the USA.

Charles Carroll, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, died aged 95 in the year 1832 On This Day.

Charles Carroll

 

 

10 November-Martin Luther

Martin Luther was a Roman Catholic theologian and Augustinian Friar who began the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. The publication of his 95 theses on October 31st 1517 called into question some of practices then in vogue in the Catholic Church. The Theses and other writings gained numerous followers who split from the Catholic Church.

Martin Luther was born in Eisleben in present day Germany in November 1483. Having joined the Augustinian Order he was ordained a priest in 1507. He began teaching at the University of Wittenberg and was made a Doctor of Theology in 1512. He visited Rome in 1510 where some of the corrupt practices he witnessed there, led him to publish his Theses.

He was excommunicated by Pope Leo X in 1521 and declared a heretic and outlaw by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. His writings however became popular across northern and eastern Europe. Luther made the bible accessible to the laity by translating it into the German language. He made strong written attacks on people of the Jewish faith saying their homes should be destroyed and their liberty curtailed. Luther married a former nun with whom he had six children. He died on February 18th 1546 at the age of 62.

Martin Luther, a Roman Catholic priest who began the Protestant Reformation in 16th-century Europe, was born in the year 1483 On This Day.

Martin Luther

 

08 November-John F Kennedy

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States of America. His ancestors on his father’s side came from Wexford and on his mother’s side from Limerick. During his time as President he had deal with events such as the Cuban Missile Crisis and the building of the Berlin Wall. He initiated the Apollo Programme which led eventually to the moon landings.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29th 1917. He graduated from Harvard with Bachelor of Arts in government in 1940. Kennedy served in the US Navy during World War II and was decorated for heroism. After the war he served as a Democratic Congressman and in 1953 was elected to the US Senate. Following the Presidential election of 1960 Kennedy was inaugurated President of the USA in January 1961 at age 43. He was assassinated while on a visit to Dallas, Texas on November 22nd 1963.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was elected 35th President of the USA when he defeated Richard Nixon by 303 Electoral College votes to 219 in the year 1960 On This Day.

President John F Kennedy