Mary I was the first Queen of England and Ireland. She reigned from 1553 until her death in 1558. During her reign, Co Laois in the Irish midlands was planted with English settlers and was called Queen’s County. Though the county was renamed Laois following Irish independence in 1922, property deeds are still updated as being in Queen’s County. The adjacent county of Offaly was called King’s County after the husband of Mary I, King Phillip II of Spain.
Queen Mary I was born in Greenwich London on February 18th 1516. She was the only surviving daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. When Edward VI, son of Henry VIII died Lady Jane Grey was named as his successor on July 10th 1553. However, ten days later Lady Jane Grey was deposed and Mary I was proclaimed Queen.
During her reign Mary reversed the Protestant reforms which had been introduced by Edward. Over 280 Protestants were executed and many more went into exile. She died in London on November 17th 1558 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. She was succeeded by Elizabeth I who, when she died in 1603, was buried in the same tomb as Mary.
Mary I was proclaimed the first Queen of England and Ireland in the year 1553 On This Day.
Mary I of England by Hans Eworth