Liberia is the oldest republic in Africa. The American Colonisation Society helped establish the country as a place for freed slaves. The capital city Monrovia is called after President Monroe of the USA who was a strong supporter of the society. Two civil wars have occurred in the country since 1985. The President of Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf became the first female president in Africa. Today the country is suffering from an outbreak of the ebola virus. Liberia was proclaimed an independent Republic in the year 1847 On This Day.