11 July-Big Ben

The Big Ben clock tower is located in the Palace of Westminster in London. The Great Bell in the clock tower has the nickname Big Ben. However Big Ben is usually used to refer to the clock and clock tower.

The clock tower was renamed Elizabeth Tower in tribute to Queen Elizabeth II in her Diamond Jubilee year. It is one of London’s most iconic landmarks. It is a major tourist attraction and has become one of the most prominent symbols of the United Kingdom.

Big Ben, the great bell in the Elizabeth Tower in the Palace of Westminster, chimed for the first time in the year 1859 On This Day.

Big Ben, London

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10 July-Rolling Stones

Mick Jagger and Marianne Faithfull arrived at Kilkenny Castle, Kilkenny City, Ireland for a party to celebrate the hand-over of the castle in 1967. By that time both Jagger and Faithfull were already well known international performers. For the party Mick Jagger wore a long green cloak over a white shirt and orange pants. Marianne Faithfull wore a full length white lace dress. Their presence and manner of dress attracted a lot of attention. Jagger is reported to have told the press that, ’we just came to loon about’.

Arthur Butler, 6th Marquess and 24th Earl of Ormonde, had sold the castle in 1967 to the Castle Restoration Committee for £50. The castle has since been restored, is a major tourist attraction in Kilkenny and is home to Part of the National Art Gallery.

Mick Jagger and the Rolling Stones made their first tour of Ireland in January 1965. They gave performances in Belfast at the ABC Theatre on January 6th, in Dublin at the Adelphi Theatre on January 7th and in Cork at the Savoy Theatre on January 8th. On that occasion the first documentary film was made about the Rolling Stones and was called Charlie Is My Darling. The Rolling stones did a second Irish tour on 3rd and 4th of September 1965. During the years Mick Jagger has been a frequent visitor to Ireland staying at venues such as Borris House in County Carlow, Rossenarra House in County Kilkenny and Russborough House in County Wicklow. In 1982 and 2007 the Rolling Stones was the headline act in concerts at Slane Castle in County Meath.

The Rolling Stones had their first international number 1 hit when ‘(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction’, reached the top of the charts in America in the year 1965 On This Day.

Mick Jagger, Statesboro, Georgia, May 4, 1965 by thinhippo on 1965-05-04 18:50:33

56800-The-Rolling-Stones-14-On-Fire by xiquinhosilva on 2014-03-09 22:29:27

Jagger Faithfull photo

Photo by Tobyotter

 

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05 July-Irish Mail Coach Service

The turnpike road (toll road) connecting Dublin to Kilkenny city via the town of Carlow, Ireland was completed in 1731. The road had been built in two parts, Dublin through Naas to Kilcullen (1729) and Kilcullen to Kilkenny (1731). The road was part of network of routes that spread throughout Ireland connecting with roads developed by the Grand Juries (County Councils). The development of the turnpikes improved travel time for passengers and they were used by the Irish Mail Coach when it was introduced in 1789.

The Turnpike Acts for the first time, introduced a planned system of roadbuilding in Ireland. Up until then, roads in Ireland mainly built in medieval times, were of very poor quality. It was one of the drawbacks of, unlike England, not having been invaded by the Romans. The improvement in Irish roads had begun with the opening of the 45km (28 mile) turnpike road from Dublin to Kilcullen in County Kildare in 1729. At the same time as the road to Kilkenny was being built, roads such as Dublin to Navan and roads leading out of Belfast, Cork and Limerick were also being built.

During the following decades the road network began to radiate from the major urban centres. Eventually there were five turnpike roads passing through County Carlow. Many of the roads in existence today were built during this era. The turnpike along the eastern corridor linking Dublin to Belfast and the road to Cork were completed by the middle of the 18th century.

The improvements in roads introduced a significant improvement in travel times and the development of more regular services. By 1737 coach services were available from Dublin to places such as Drogheda, Kinnegad and Kilkenny twice a week. However long distance journeys involved overnight stops. In the early 1740’s the journey from Dublin to Belfast took two days in Summer and three in Winter. Inns which had been opened along the routes of the new roads were the stop-off points for the coaches. The stop-off point in Carlow town the ‘Great Inn’.

The mail-coach system was first introduced to Ireland in 1789. The initial service was on routes from Dublin to Belfast and Dublin to Cork. The system was gradually extended countrywide. The first mail-coach service from Dublin to Waterford took place in 1790.

The Irish Mail Coach on its first journey from Dublin to Waterford made a stop in Carlow town in the year 1790 On This Day.

Image from page 441 of “The choice works of Thomas Hood, in prose and verse” (1881) by Internet Archive Book Images on 1881-01-01 00:00:00

 

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04 July-Fourth of July

The Fourth of July is the day Americans celebrate the signing of the Declaration of Independence. It is the National Day of the United States. The day is celebrated with public and private events including such things as, political ceremonies and family reunions.

The Declaration of Independence was adopted at the Continental Congress held in Philadelphia in 1776. The vote to declare the thirteen American colonies independent of Great Britain was made on July 2nd. It was approved by the congress two days later.

The American Declaration of Independence was adopted in the year 1776 On This Day.

Fourth of July

 

 

 

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24 December-Silent Night

Silent Night is one of the most popular of all Christmas carols. The carol dates back to the early 1800’s and has been translated into over 150 languages. It has been recorded by numerous singers including Bing Crosby, Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey and Justin Bieber. The recording of Silent Night by Bing Crosby is one of the best-selling records of all time.

The lyrics of Silent Night were written by Father Joseph Mohr in 1816 when he was serving as a priest in Mariapfarr in the state of Salzburg in Austria. The carol was written at a time of great upheaval in Europe following the Napoleonic Wars. In 1817 Fr Mohr was transferred as curate, over 130km away to the parish of St Nicholas in the town of Oberndorf. It is said that preparations for Christmas were disrupted due to flooding in the town in December 1818. During the flooding the church organ had been damaged.

On December 24th 1818 Fr Mohr brought the poem he had written to the home of the church organist Franz Gruber. Franz Gruber lived in the nearby village of Arnsdorf where he was the local schoolmaster. Since the church organ was not working, Fr Mohr asked Gruber to compose a melody which could be accompanied by a guitar in order that it could be sung later at midnight mass. Gruber composed the melody and later that evening Franz Gruber and Fr Mohr, backed by the church choir, sang silent night while Fr Mohr played the guitar.

Silent Night (Stille Nacht) was performed for the first time at midnight mass on Christmas Eve in St. Nicholas Church in Oberndorf, Austria in the year 1818 On This Day.

Silent Night

Silent-Night-Chapel in Oberndorf

by schun.oi on 2014-12-25 10:21:27

 

 

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