31 October-Charles Taze Russell

Charles Russell was a native of America. He founded the International Bible Students Association from which developed Jehovah’s Witnesses. Jehovah’s Witnesses is a Christian denomination which does not believe in the Trinity. With a worldwide membership of over 8 million it has its headquarters in Warwick, New York.

Charles Taze Russell was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania on February 16th 1852. He was influenced by the Adventist movement begun by the Baptist preacher, William Miller. Miller had predicted that the world would end with the second coming of Christ on October 22nd 1844. Russell preached that the ‘invisible return’ of Christ had occurred in 1877. He predicted that what he called the Gentile times would end in 1914 after which Christ would rule the earth. Russell travelled widely preaching to his many congregations.

Charles Taze Russell founder of the International Bible Students Association from which developed Jehovah’s Witnesses died aged 64 in the year 1916 On This Day.

Charles Taze Russell sharp.jpg

Charles Taze Russell 1911

Charles Taze Russell.jpg

Charles Taze Russell Pyramid, United Cemeteries



30 October-NUIG (University College Galway)

The National University of Ireland Galway (NUIG) is located on the banks of the river Corrib close to Galway City centre, Ireland. Originally called Queen’s College Galway it was known as University College Galway from 1908 to 1997. It has as its motto, Deo Favente

NUIG is located on an extensive campus, central to which is the oldest building, The Quadrangle (The Quad). In 2017 it was ranked 249th in the World University Rankings. The University caters for over 17,000 students in its five constituent colleges (Arts, Law and Business, Engineering, Medicine, Science).

Queens College Galway (now National University of Ireland Galway), with an enrolment of 63 students (all male), opened its doors for the first time in the year 1849 On This Day.





29 October-Integral Calculus

Gottfried Leibniz was a mathematician and philosopher who was a native of Germany. He made important contributions in several areas including; mathematics, philosophy, engineering, physics and law. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential thinkers in the history of mathematics and other disciplines. He was also the inventor of a mechanical calculator.

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was born in Leipzig on July 1st 1646. He developed differential calculus using the ‘d’ notation, which is still widely used today. His discovery of calculus, which was published in 1684, was done independently of Isaac Newton. Leibniz published his work on integral calculus in 1686 using the familiar ∫ notation (long s). He also perfected the binary system of arithmetic. Today, almost all digital computers are based on the binary system.

Gottfried Leibniz, mathematician and philosopher, made the first use of the long s (∫) as a symbol of the integral in calculus in the year 1686 On This Day.




28 October-Gulliver’s Travels

Gulliver’s Travels was written by the Irish author and clergyman, Jonathan Swift. A classic of English literature, it is a satirical novel divided into four parts. Published in 1726, Gulliver’s Travels is Swift’s best known work.

Jonathan Swift was Dean of St Patrick’s Cathedral in Dublin from 1713 to 1745. He was the author of several works including ‘A Tale of a Tub’, ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ and ‘A Modest Proposal’. His publications were written under pseudonyms or anonymously.

Gulliver’s Travels relates, in four parts, the travels of Lemuel Gulliver. He is a surgeon and sea captain who visits remote areas of the world. In the first part Gulliver is shipwrecked on the Island of Lilliput. The inhabitants of the island are six inches tall. He then goes on to visit Brobdingnag, the flying island of Laputa and finally the land of the Houyhnhnms.

Gulliver’s Travels, which was written by the Irish author and clergyman Dean Jonathan Swift, was published in the year 1726 On This Day.

Gullivers Travels





28 October-Pope John XXIII

Pope John XXIII was elected to the Papacy in 1958. He was the 261st Pope of the Catholic Church. At the time of his election he was widely regarded as a transitional pope. However less than three months after the start of his Papacy he announced the Second Vatican Council. The announcement ushered in a new era for the Roman Catholic Church. He became one of the most popular popes of all time.

Pope John XXIII was born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli in Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Italy on November 25th 1881. He was ordained a priest in 1904. He served in several different roles, including as papal delegate to Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey. He also served as papal nuncio in France. In 1953 he was raised to the rank of Cardinal and appointed Patriarch of Venice. He was elected to the papacy in 1958 and served as Pope for just over four years until his death on June 3rd 1963. He was canonised by Pope Francis in 2014

Pope John XXIII, who is known as the ‘Good Pope’, was elected to the papacy in the year 1958 On This Day.

Coronation of Pope John XXIII