27 October-St Abban

St Abban’s Athletic Club is located in Co Laois about 10km (6 Miles) west of Carlow town, Ireland. St Abban (Abbán) was an abbot and Irish missionary during the 6th century AD. He was the son of King Cormac of Leinster and is particularly associated with Co Wexford.

As a youth, Abbán was sent to Wexford to study with his uncle St Ibar. Ibar was a bishop and Abbán travelled with him to Rome. Following his training Abbán established several monasteries and churches. The best known of his foundations were in Adamstown (formerly Abbanstown), Co Wexford and Killabban, Co Laois. He is also said to have founded a monastery in Nurney Co Carlow.

The Feast Day of St Abban is celebrated every year On This Day.

Relief of Saint Abban, Church of St. Mary and St. Michael, New Ross

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26 October-François Mitterrand

François Mitterrand served as President of France for two terms from 1981 to 1995. He studied law and politics at the University of Paris and was first elected to the National Assembly of France in 1946. He was appointed to a number of Government ministries during his career. He was the recipient of several awards including the Légion d’honneur (Legion of Honour).

François Mitterrand was born François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand in Jarnac in southwestern France in 1916. He served in the French Army during World War II. He was wounded and captured by the Germans in 1940. He escaped from a prisoner of war camp and made his way back to France where he worked for the Vichy government.

In 1965 and again in 1974 Mitterrand ran for election to the presidency of France. Having failed on both occasions he was finally elected as the socialist candidate in 1981. During his time as president he introduced several reforms and helped to advance greater European integration. In 1991 he became the first President of France to appoint a female Prime Minister, Edith Cresson.

François Mitterrand, who served as President of France for two terms from 1981 to 1995, was born in the year 1916 On This Day.

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François Mitterrand

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Médiathèque François Mitterrand

 

 

 

 

25 October-Richard Harris

Richard Harris was an award-winning actor and singer who was a native of Limerick City, Ireland. He is best known for roles such as King Arthur in Camelot, Bull McCabe in ‘The Field’ and as Albus Dumbledore in the first two Harry Potter films. Harris appeared in over seventy films and also had a successful stage career.

Richard St. John Harris was born in Limerick City on October 1st 1930. He was educated at Crescent College Limerick and was a talented sportsman. He played rugby with the Garryowen Club in Limerick. He was a lifetime supporter of Munster Rugby.

Harris moved to London where he studied at the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art. He made his stage debut in ‘The Quare Fellow’ 1956. In 1959 he made his film debut in the film ‘Alive and Kicking’. During his career Harris was nominated for an Academy Award on two occasions. He was the winner of a Golden Globe Award in 1968 and a Grammy Award in 1973.

Richard Harris, award-winning actor and singer who was a native of Limerick City, Ireland died aged 72 in the year 2002 On This Day.

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Richard Harris

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24 October-Gene Roddenberry

Gene Roddenberry, writer and producer, is best known for the creation of the Star Trek television series. He took inspiration for the creation of the series from books such as Gulliver’s Travels. Star trek was highly influential and led to the production of other television series and several movies. The first episode of Star Trek was premiered on television on September 8th 1966.

Eugene Wesley Roddenberry was born in Texas, USA on August 19th 1921. Two year after he was born his family moved to Los Angeles, California. Roddenberry served as a pilot with the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. After the war he served as an airline pilot until 1949.

Roddenberry joined the Los Angeles Police in 1949 and began writing scripts for television. He left the police and became a freelance writer in 1953. He contributed to programmes such as Dr Kildare, and Have Gun—Will Travel. In 1964 he created Star Trek, which premiered in 1966 and ran for three seasons.

Roddenberry was subsequently involved in the Star Trek feature films and the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation. He died in 1991 and some of his ashes were flown into space on the Space Shuttle Columbia. He was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame in 2010.

Gene Roddenberry, creator of Star Trek, died aged 70 in the year 1991 On This Day.

 

 

 

24 October-Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist in the United States. Her refusal to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama on December 1st 1955 to a white passenger led to a citywide bus boycott. The boycott was led by Rev Martin Luther King. The boycott lasted 382 days before the law which mandated segregated public transportation was lifted.

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was born in Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4th 1913. She was of African, Scots-Irish and Native American descent. At the time of her arrest she was working as a seamstress. She was also secretary to the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People. Her refusal to give up her seat became an important symbol of the Civil Rights Movement.

Rosa Parks, whose refusal to give up her bus seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama led to the ending of segregation of public facilities, died aged 92 in the year 2005 On This Day.

Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks photo

Photo by mattlemmon

Rosa Parks Arrest