13 October-The White House

The White House, home of the President of USA, was designed by James Hoban who was a native of Kilkenny, Ireland. It has been the official home of the President of the United States for more than 200 years. The White HouseouseHH is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, D.C.

George Washington was the first President of the United States. He lived in New York City following his inauguration in 1789. He moved to Philadelphia in 1790 which had been designated as the temporary national capital while the new Federal City was being built. Washington held a competition to design the residence of the US President in the Federal City. The competition was won by James Hoban on July 16th 1792

James Hoban was born in Kilkenny 1758. He grew up on an estate of the Earl of Desart in Cuffesgrange near Callan, County Kilkenny. Until his early 20’s he worked on the estate as a wheelwright and carpenter. From there he moved to Dublin to study at the Dublin Society’s Drawing School on Lower Grafton Street where he excelled at his studies.

Having completed his studies in 1779 Hoban worked on various building projects in Dublin including Dublin City Hall. He is credited with the building of Belcamp House in Dublin. The building has been described as a mini Whitehouse complete with ‘oval office’. Belcamp House later became Belcamp College which closed in 2004.

By the year 1785, Hoban having emigrated to the United States, had established himself as an architect in Philadelphia. He later moved to Charleston South Carolina where he designed both private and public buildings. The courthouse in Charleston which he remodelled form the old colonial state house is still in use today.

James Hoban oversaw construction of the White House from 1793 to 1800. The building is modelled on Leinster House in Dublin, a fact acknowledged by President John F Kennedy in his speech to the Oireachtas in 1963. James Adams was the first President to occupy the White House. He moved in on November 1st 1800. During the war of 1812 the building was attacked and burned by the British who had invaded from their base on Ireland Island in the Caribbean. Hoban supervised the restoration work which was completed in 1817.

The building of the White House began with the laying of the cornerstone in the year 1792 On This Day.

The White House by Gage Skidmore on 2013-09-22 09:09:00

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *