The Anglo-Irish Agreement was a treaty between Ireland and the United Kingdom. The aim of the treaty was to bring an end to the violent sectarian conflict in Northern Ireland. It was signed by the Irish Taoiseach, Garret FitzGerald and the British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher. The Agreement, which followed months of negotiations, was signed at Hillsborough Castle, Co Down in November 1985. It was the successor of the Sunningdale Agreement of 1973 and began the process which would eventually lead to the Good Friday Agreement of 1998.
Dáil Éireann and the House of Commons both voted to support the Anglo-Irish Agreement. However it was opposed in Ireland by Unionists and by the Fianna Fáil Party. The Agreement gave an advisory role in the affairs of Northern Ireland to the Irish Government and allowed for the establishment of a devolved administration Northern Ireland. It also confirmed that there would be no change in the status of Northern Ireland without the consent of the majority of its population. A body known as the Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference was established under the Agreement. The Conference had a permanent secretariat made up of officials from the British and Irish Governments.
The Anglo-Irish Agreement was signed at Hillsborough castle in Co Down in the year 1985 On This Day.
Hillsborough Castle Flickr 4 by David in Lisburn on 2013-05-25 12:49:40