Mount Vesuvius is a volcano located about 9km east of the city of Naples in Southern Italy. The cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and several other settlements were destroyed and buried when Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD. Though the overall death toll is unknown, the cities and surrounding settlements had a population of 20,000.
Mount Vesuvius has erupted on many occasions in history and is regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. There were several eruptions in pre-history and since the eruption in 79 AD there have been up to 42 others. The last eruption occurred in 1944. It caused widespread damage locally. Aircraft and equipment belonging to the United States Army Air Forces based at Pompeii airfield were damaged.
Mount Vesuvius erupted and destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum in the year 79 AD On This Day.