Aung San Suu Kyi is State Counsellor (de facto Prime Minister) of Myanmar. She is the leader of the National League for Democracy which won a landslide victory in the Myanmar General Election of 2015. She has served in the role of State Counsellor since April 6th 2016. Aung San Suu Kyi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. She was under house arrest at the time.
Aung San Suu Kyi was born in Rangoon, Burma in 1945. Rangoon is now Yangon. Her father, Aung San, who brought about Burma’s independence from British rule, is regarded as the Father of the Nation of Myanmar. He was assassinated during the transition period, six months before independence. At the time Aung San Suu Kyi was two years old.
Suu Kyi’s mother was appointed ambassador to Delhi in 1960. Suu Kyi was educated there and later studied at Oxford University in England. She graduated from Oxford in 1967 and lived and worked in the United States, Japan and Bhutan before settling in the England. In 1988 she returned to Burma to care for her mother who was critically ill.
When Suu Kyi returned to her homeland there was major political upheaval in the country. Myanmar had been ruled by a military junta since 1962. She was one of the founders of the National League for Democracy. The aim was to establish a democracy and bring about the integration of the various ethnic groups. She led a programme of non-violent opposition to the military junta.
Suu Kyi was placed under house arrest in 1989. Her party won the 1990 election but the military refused to allow parliament to convene. She spent most of the following 21 years under house arrest. Suu Kyi was finally released in November 2010. Since then Myanmar has undergone a rapid programme of democratisation, culminating in the election of Suu Kyi as State Counsellor in 2016.
However since her election she has failed to bring about the integration of the various ethnic groups in Burma. There has been international criticism of her failure to stop the persecution of the Rohingya people in the west of Myanmar and the Kachin people in the east.
Aung San Suu Kyi, State Counsellor of Myanmar, was born in the year 1945 On This Day.
Aung San Suu Kyi i Oslo Rådhus
Aung San Suu Kyi – Visits Dublin