18 December-Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the heir to throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. On July 28th 1914 the Archduke and his wife Duchess Sophia were assassinated in Sarajevo by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip. The assassination led to World War 1 in which twenty million people died.
Franz Ferdinand was born in Graz, Austria in 1863. He became heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1896. During 1892/1893 he circumnavigated the world, spending time in India, Australia, Pacific Islands, Japan and the USA. He visited England in 1913 where he was guest of King George V and Queen Mary at Windsor Castle.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, whose assassination July 1914 began events which led to World War1, was born in Graz, Austria in the year 1863 On This Day.

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