Liberia is a country on the West coast of Africa. It has a population of just over 4.5 million. From 1820 onwards the country was established by freed American slaves with the help of the American Colonization Society. Liberia was declared a republic in 1847, making it the oldest republic in Africa. Monrovia, the capital city of The Republic of Liberia, is named after US President Monroe who was a strong supporter of the colonization.
The first 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society departed from New York to start a settlement in present-day Liberia in the year 1820 On This Day.