21 September-Éamonn Ceannt

Éamonn Ceannt, who was born in Ballymoe Co Galway, Ireland was one of the signatories of the 1916 Proclamation. His father was an Officer in the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) and was stationed in Ballymoe when Éamonn was born. Éamonn Ceannt joined the Gaelic League in 1899, became a fluent Irish speaker and in 1912 joined the IRB. He worked as an accountant with Dublin Corporation from 1901.

During the 1916 Rising Éamonn Ceannt was in command of the 150 Volunteers who occupied the hospital on the south side of Dublin known as the South Dublin Union. It is now known as St James’ Hospital. When the hospital was commandeered by Éamonn Ceannt and the volunteers on April 24th 1916 there were 3,282 people including patients, doctors, nurses and ancillary staff on the site. The volunteers established their headquarters in the Nurses Home. The patients and staff were not evacuated during the fighting.

When the British Army attacked the Union on the afternoon of Monday 24th, the situation for staff and patients became perilous and many people lost their lives. One of those killed was Nurse Margaretta Kehoe from Leighlinbridge in Co Carlow who had been a nurse in the hospital for almost twenty years. She became the first female casualty of the Rising. With others who died in the fighting Nurse Kehoe was buried in the grounds of the hospital. Her remains were later exhumed and reinterred in Ballinabranna cemetery, Leighlinbridge.

While the Rising was in progress Éamonn Ceannt’s brother, William, was Company Sergeant Major with the Royal Dublin Fusiliers then based in Cork. Éamonn Ceannt was shot by the British Army on May 8th 1916 for his part in the Rising. Willaim Ceannt died fighting with the British Army on April 24, 1917 during the offensives at the battle of Arras in France.

Éamonn Ceannt was born in Ballymoe Co Galway in the year 1881 On This Day.

Eamonn Ceannt – Easter Rising 1916 by infomatique on 2008-08-30 13:31:38

Dublin General Post Office. 1916 Proclamation of Independence. Ireland. by sludgegulper on 2010-05-17 20:54:46

06 August-Sir Alexander Fleming

Dr Robert Fleming unveiled a monument to his parents Sir Alexander and Lady Sarah Fleming in Kincon near Killala Co Mayo, Ireland in 2001. Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in September 1928. At the unveiling Robert Fleming recalled the many visits the Fleming family made to Mayo when he was growing up.

Alexander Fleming was born near Darvel, Ayrshire, Scotland in 1881. He attended Kilmarnock Academy, where John Boyd Orr another Nobel laureate was also educated. It is one of the few schools in the world to have two past pupils who are Nobel Laureates. At the age of thirteen Fleming moved to London where he lived with his older brother who was a doctor. He studied at what was then the Regent Street Polytechnic, now the University of Westminster later going on to work in the shipping industry.

In 1903 Fleming entered St Mary’s Hospital Medical School in Paddington, London. He qualified as a doctor in 1906. He later worked as a lecturer at St Mary’s before joining the Army Medical Corps in 1914. Fleming served in France during World War I and returned to work in St Mary’s in 1918. He was elected Professor of Bacteriology at the University of London in 1928. In 1945 Fleming was a co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the discovery of penicillin.

Sarah McElroy was born in Leigherntain, Kilfian in 1881. After leaving school she went to Australia where she trained as a nurse. She returned to Ireland and practised in Dublin for a time. Sarah McElroy later moved to London where she established her own Nursing Home.

Alexander Fleming and Sarah McElroy met while they were both working in London. They were married in 1915 when Alexander, then a captain in the Medical Corps, was on leave from France. Their son, Robert, qualified as a doctor.

Besides the Nobel Prize Fleming was the recipient of numerous awards during his lifetime. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1943 and was knighted by King George VI in 1944. Alexander Fleming died at his home in London on March 11th 1955 at the age of 73.

Alexander Fleming, best known for the discovery of the antibiotic substance benzylpenicillin (Penicillin G), was born in the year 1881 On This Day.

 

SIR ALEXANDER FLEMING MEMORIAL BUST – DARVEL by summonedbyfells on 2013-12-16 10:45:15

 

Courtesy Jarlath Judge, Wexford Photography.

www.wexfordphotography.com

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27 May-Thomas Traynor

On the Dublin Road in Tullow, Co Carlow, Ireland there is a monument to Thomas Traynor. Traynor was a member of the garrison at Boland’s Mills during the Easter rising of 1916. He was imprisoned following the Rising. Following his release from prison Traynor played an active part in the Irish War of Independence

Thomas Traynor was born in in Cannon’s Quarter, Tullow in 1881. He was a boot maker by trade. He moved to Dublin from Carlow in 1916. Traynor was interned at Frongoch in Wales for his role in the Easter Rising of 1916. He was later imprisoned at the maximum security Wakefield Prison, West Yorkshire, England. In common with most of those interned and who had not received a prison sentence, Traynor was released in late December 1916 and returned to Dublin.

Following his return to Dublin Traynor took part in the war of independence. He was captured during a shoot-out with police and auxiliaries on March 24th 1921. At the time he was keeping watch outside 144 Brunswick Street (now Pearse Street), Dublin, where a meeting of volunteers was being held. Two members of the Dublin Metropolitan Police, Constable James O’Farrell and Cadet Bernard Beard together with volunteer Leo Hogan died in the fighting.

Thomas Traynor was taken prisoner. He was put on trial, found guilty of murder and was sentenced to be hanged. At the time Traynor was the father of ten children ranging in age from 18 years down to five months. He was hanged in Mountjoy Jail on April 25th 1921.

The day after Thomas Traynor was hanged a District Inspector in the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) in Tipperary, called Gilbert Potter, was shot dead in reprisal. In later years it emerged that a son of Thomas Traynor and a son of Gilbert Potter were commanders of destroyers in the same flotilla during World War II in the Far East. The monument to Thomas Traynor in Tullow was unveiled by his eldest son Frank Traynor on August 15th 1965.

Thomas Traynor was born in Tullow Co Carlow in the year 1881 On This Day.

Tullow by nilachseall on 2013-12-24 21:34:11

 

06 August-Sir Alexander Fleming

Dr Robert Fleming unveiled a monument to his parents Sir Alexander and Lady Sarah Fleming in Kincon near Killala Co Mayo, Ireland in 2001. Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in September 1928. At the unveiling Robert Fleming recalled the many visits the Fleming family made to Mayo when he was growing up.

Alexander Fleming was born near Darvel, Ayrshire, Scotland in 1881. He attended Kilmarnock Academy, where John Boyd Orr another Nobel laureate was also educated. It is one of the few schools in the world to have two past pupils who are Nobel Laureates. At the age of thirteen Fleming moved to London where he lived with his older brother who was a doctor. He studied at what was then the Regent Street Polytechnic, now the University of Westminster later going on to work in the shipping industry. In 1903 he entered St Mary’s Hospital Medical School in Paddington, London and qualified as a doctor in 1906. He later worked as a lecturer at St Mary’s before joining the Army Medical Corps in 1914. He served in France during World War I and returned to work in St Mary’s in 1918. He was elected Professor of Bacteriology at the University of London in 1928. In 1945 Fleming was a co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the discovery of penicillin.

Sarah McElroy was born in Leigherntain, Kilfian in 1881. After leaving school she went to Australia where she trained as a nurse. She returned to Ireland and practised in Dublin for a time before moving to London where she established her own Nursing Home.

Alexander Fleming and Sarah McElroy met while they were both working in London. They were married in 1915 when Alexander, then a captain in the Medical Corps, was on leave from France. Their son, Robert, qualified as a doctor.

Besides the Nobel Prize Fleming was the recipient of numerous awards during his lifetime. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1943 and was knighted by King George VI in 1944. He died at his home in London on March 11th 1955 at the age of 73.

Alexander Fleming was born in the year 1881 On This Day.

Sir Alexander Fleming photo

Plaque, Fleming’s house in London

Photo by Spudgun67

Killala photo

Killala Bay

 

Photo by On the White Line

Courtesy Jarlath Judge, Wexford Photography.

www.wexfordphotography.com

https://www.facebook.com/wexfordphotography