20 January-Agnes Mary Clerke

Agnes Mary Clerke was an astronomer and writer who was a native of Co Cork, Ireland. The author of several books and reviews, she played a major role in bringing astronomy and astrophysics to the public during the Victorian era. The Clerke Crater on the moon is named in her honour. The crater is located near the landing site of the Apollo 17 Lunar mission.

Agnes Mary Clerke was born in Skibbereen, Co Cork on February 10th 1842. She was educated at home by her parents. Her father, who had taken courses in astronomy, owned a 4” telescope. From a young age Agnes regularly observed Saturn’s rings and Jupiter’s moons using her father’s telescope.

Having studied advanced mathematics, physics and astronomy, Agnes moved to Florence, Italy. She lived there for ten years studying science and languages before moving to live in London in 1877. She published her best known book ‘A Popular History of Astronomy during the Nineteenth Century’. She wrote several other books and contributed articles to Encyclopaedia Britannica and the Catholic Encyclopaedia.

Agnes Mary Clerke, astronomer and writer who was a native of Co Cork, Ireland, died aged 64 in the year 1907 On This Day.

 

Agnes Mary Clerke

Agnes Mary Clerke, 19th century astronomer, born in Skibbereen, County Cork.

Wiki Commons

 

17 October-Marconi

Guglielmo Marconi was a Nobel Prize-winning physicist who was a native of Italy. His father Giuseppe was from Bologna, Italy. His mother was Annie Jameson from Daphne Castle, Co Wexford, Ireland. Marconi’s great grandfather was John Jameson, founder of Irish whiskey distillers Jameson & Sons. Through his own research and using research carried out by others Marconi developed the first effective system of radio communication.

On December 12th 1901 Marconi succeeded in sending the first wireless signal across the Atlantic to America. He routed the signal through Marconi House, Rosslare, Co Wexford and Clifden in Co Galway. The signal was received 3,500km (2,200 Miles) in Newfoundland.

Marconi founded the Marconi Telephone Company and became a successful businessman. He continued to experiment with radio technology. In 1907, having built high-powered radio transmission stations on both sides of the Atlantic, he established regular transatlantic transmissions. Marconi died in Rome on July 20th 1937.

Guglielmo Marconi began offering limited commercial wireless telegraph service between Ireland and Nova Scotia in the year 1907 On This Day.

Marconi Wireless Telegraph Station, Malin Head, Co. Donegal

Guglielmo Marconi.jpg

Marconi

Library of Congress 

 

 

 

28 July-Tupperware

Tupperware is a range of food preparation and storage products for the home. The product was invented by American businessman Earl Tupper in 1942. He used a waste product from oil refining to make lightweight, non-breakable containers. Today Tupperware is sold by direct marketing in over 30 countries around the world.

Earl Silas Tupper was born on his family’s farm in New Hampshire, USA in 1907. Having graduated from school he established a landscaping business. He later worked for the Du Pont chemical company before establishing the Tupperware Company in 1948.

Tupperware was initially sold in stores. However following the success of Brownie Wise’s ‘party-plan’ marketing it was decided to sell Tupperware products by direct marketing. Today the products are sold by almost 2 million people in over 30 countries. Tupper sold his company and retired to Costa Rica in 1973. He died aged 76 in 1983.

Earl Tupper, the founder of Tupperware was born in New Hampshire, USA in the year 1907 On This Day.

Tupperware

 

 

26 May-John Wayne

John Wayne was an actor and filmmaker who was a native of Iowa, USA. He was one of the most popular film actors for over three decades of the 20th century. Wayne was nominated for an Academy Award on three occasions. He won an Academy Award for best actor in the film True Grit in 1969.

John Wayne was born Marion Robert Morrison in Winterset, Iowa in 1907. At the age of seven his family moved to California where Wayne grew up. He was successful both academically and in athletics and was awarded a football scholarship to the University of Southern California. He was forced to leave university due to an injury and began working film studios.

Wayne played minor roles in several films before he was given his first leading role in the film The Big Trail in 1930. He became a star following his performance in the John Ford film The Stagecoach in 1939. During his career, Wayne played starring roles in westerns, war pictures, romantic comedies, police dramas and historical dramas. He starred opposite Maureen O’Hara in The Quiet Man, which was shot on location in Cong, Co Mayo.

John Wayne was born in the year 1907 On This Day.

John Wayne

 

 

 

16 May-Bob Tisdall

Bob Tisdall was an Irish athlete. At the 1932 Olympics in Los Angeles he won a gold medal in the 400m hurdles. He won the race in a world record time of 51.67 seconds. The record was not recognised at the time because Tisdall knocked the final hurdle. The rules were later changed and the record is now recognised. Irish Olympic history was made on the day Tisdall won his medal. An hour after his win, Pat O’Callaghan won a gold medal in the hammer throw.

Robert Morton Newburgh Tisdall was born in Numara Eliya, a city in central Sri Lanka in 1907, but grew up in Nenagh, Co Tipperary. The Tisdall family had a big interest in sporting activities. Bob Tisdall’s father was All-Ireland sprint champion and his mother played Hockey for Ireland. Bob Tisdall qualified for the Irish team by winning the 400m hurdles title at the Irish Championships in Croke Park in 1932. The cost of sending Irish Olympic Team to Los Angeles in 1932 was funded by a church gate collection.

Following his success at the Olympics, Bob Tisdall emigrated to South Africa. He worked in various African countries before returning to Ireland in the 1960’s. He later moved to Australia where he continued with his interest in athletics. At the age of 93 he ran in the torch relay for the 2000 Olympics in Sydney. He died on July 27th 2004 following an accident.

Bob Tisdall was born in the year 1907 On This Day.

Bob Tisdall.JPG

Bob Tisdall

By Anonymous – http://jbc.bj.uj.edu.pl/Content/221731/NDIGCZAS001744_1932_033.djvu, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26472033