21 December-Ha’penny Bridge

The Ha’penny Bridge is a pedestrian bridge which spans the river Liffey close to Dublin city centre. It is one of twenty four road, rail and passenger bridges on the Liffey in the greater Dublin area. For over 180 years it was the only pedestrian bridge to span the river until the opening of the Millenium Bridge just over 100m upriver in 1999.The Ha’penny Bridge has become one of the symbols of Dublin.

The Ha’penny Bridge, which is made of cast iron, was manufactured at Coalbrookdale in Shropshire, England, shipped to Dublin and assembled on site. The village of Coalbrookdale was well known in the 19th century for its decorative ironwork. Apart from the Ha’penny Bridge items as far apart as the gates of Hyde Park in London and the Peacock Fountain in Christchurch New Zealand were made in Coalbrookdale.

Installed in 1816 the Ha’penny Bridge replaced a ferry service operated by a Mr William Walsh, an Alderman of Dublin city. He was given compensation of £3,000 and was granted a lease allowing him to charge each person a halfpenny to cross the bridge for the next 100 years. When the lease ended in 1916 the bridge became the property of Dublin Corporation. The corporation stopped charging to cross the bridge in 1919.

Initially known as the Wellington Bridge it was officially named the Liffey Bridge in 1922 but is commonly referred to as The Ha’penny Bridge. In 1816 the bridge was used by just 450 people per day. Today that number has increased to an average of 30,000 per day. An assessment carried out in 1998 led to a major refurbishment of the bridge, which took over a year to complete and cost €1.25 million. Much of the repair was carried out by Harland and Wolff in Belfast. While the bridge was being repaired a temporary bridge was erected.

The restored Ha’penny Bridge on the River Liffey in Dublin was officially reopened in the year 2001 On This Day.

Ha’penny bridge @ Dublin by bjaglin on 2006-11-16 21:39:14

The Ha’penny Bridge photo

Ha’penny Bridge

Photo by coda

 

 

15 December-Leaning Tower of Pisa

The campanile of Pisa Cathedral is known worldwide as the Leaning Tower of Pisa. It is situated to the rear of the Cathedral. The tower is 55.86m tall on the low side and 56.67m on its high side. The city of Pisa is located on the river Arno in central Italy.

The Leaning Tower of Pisa began to tilt during construction. This was due to inadequate foundations on ground which was too soft on one side. The tilt continued to increase during construction which began in 1173. Construction of the Tower took over 200 years to complete.

Since its completion the Tower has had many additions and modifications. Over 800 years after the foundations were laid the tower was closed to the public for safety reasons on January 7th 1990. Works were carried out to slightly straighten and prevent the collapse of the tower. The modifications took over ten years to complete and the tower was again opened to the public.

The Leaning Tower of Pisa was re-opened to the public, following the completion of works to stabilize the structure and partially correct the tilt, in the year 2001 On This Day.

Leaning Tower of Pisa by derekskey on 2013-11-07 08:20:06

Leaning Tower and Pisa Cathedral by Game of EPL5 & LUMIX G20/F1.7 on 2013-11-11 15:17:15