The Bay of Pigs is an inlet located on the southern coast of Cuba. In 1961 it was the scene of a failed military invasion of Cuba by a military group of Cuban exiles supported by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States. The aim of the invasion was to overthrow the communist government of Fidel Castro.
Fidel Castro had come to power in Cuba in 1959 when he overthrew the American backed President Fulgencio Batista. Following the overthrow he assumed military and political power. He began to nationalise American economic assets and forge closer links with the Soviet Union. In response The United States Government made several attempts, without success, to remove Castro from office.
One of those attempts was the Bay of Pigs Invasion. In March 1960 President Eisenhower authorised the CIA to arm and train Cuban exiles for an attack on Cuba. The invasion took place shortly after Eisenhower’s successor, John F Kennedy became President. A force of almost 1,400 paramilitaries landed at the Bay of Pigs but were quickly defeated by the Cuban forces led by General Castro
The Bay of Pigs Invasion, a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by a paramilitary force of Cuban Exiles who were supported by the American Central Intelligence Agency, took place in the year 1961 On This Day.
Bay of Pigs area
Bay of Pigs landing site