04 August-Carlow Railway Station

Carlow Railway Station in the southeast of Ireland, which has become increasingly important for commuters, is on the Dublin to Waterford intercity route. It has served the people of Carlow for the past 169 years and in June 2013 was voted best station in Leinster. 1,274 passengers either boarded or alighted from a train at Carlow Railway Station on Rail Census day in 2013 (Boarding: 657. Alighting: 617. National Transport Authority).

The first train journey in Ireland was made on the Dublin to Dún Laoghaire (Kingstown) railway line on October 9th 1834. The line was built by Carlow engineer William Dargan who would eventually build over 1300km of railway all over Ireland. In the following decades the construction of railways expanded rapidly. In 1845 construction began on the line from Dublin to Cork. A branch from this line was built to Carlow. The lines were constructed by William Dargan. The railway station at Carlow was designed by Dundalk engineer John Benjamin Macneill. The station, which was originally designed as a terminus, now has two platforms. The buildings are constructed of yellow brick and have offices and waiting areas. The station was closed for goods traffic on June 9th 1976.

During the 19th century horse racing was held in Carlow at Ballybar which is about 9km south of Carlow town. The opening of Carlow railway station was brought forward to accommodate racegoers for the 1846 meeting. When race meetings were held in the following years special trains, carrying both hoses and spectators were organised for the races.

A signaller error caused a minor accident at Carlow rail station at 7.30am on November 24th 1900. On that occasion the southbound train from Kildare to Kilkenny was stopped at the station. The northbound train from Kilkenny to Kildare was misrouted as it came into Carlow station resulting in a head on collision. The driver of the northbound train had succeeded in slowing his train to about 10km/h. there were no fatalities but seven passengers complained of minor injuries.

There was great excitement when the first train arrived at the newly opened railway station in Carlow town in the year 1846 On This Day.

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Carlow Railway Station

By OTD.ie

03 August-Jim Gibbons

Jim Gibbons, who was a native of Co Kilkenny, Ireland served as a TD (Teachta Dála) for the Carlow-Kilkenny constituency for 25 years. He was first elected to Dáil Éireann in 1957. During his time as a TD Jim Gibbons, who was a member of the Fianna Fáil Party, served as a Government Minister on two occasions.

James Gibbons was born in Kilkenny in 1924. He was educated at the at St Kieran’s College Kilkenny before entering University College Dublin to study medicine. He left after two years to take up farming in Kilkenny and became involved in politics as a member of the Fianna Fáil Party. Gibbons was elected to Kilkenny County Council in 1954.

In the 1957 General Election Jim Gibbons was first elected to Dáil Éireann for the Carlow-Kilkenny constituency. With the exception of a brief period in 1981, he served as TD for the constituency until he retired in 1982. During his time as a TD he was Minister of State at the Department of Finance. He was also appointed to the serve in Government as Minister for Defence and later as Minister for Agriculture. He died at the age of 73 on December 20th 1997.

Jim Gibbons who served as TD (Teachta Dála) for the Constituency of Carlow-Kilkenny was born in Bonnesrath near Kilkenny City in the year 1924 On This Day

1977 Victory Dinner for Fianna Fail by missfitzphotos on 2001-02-18 03:37:17

Kilkenny City by SowersPics on 2010-07-15 08:06:10

02 September-First Human Heart Transplant

Christiaan Barnard was a cardiac surgeon who was a native of South Africa. He performed the first successful heart transplant operation on December 3rd 1967. The operation ushered in a new era of life extending surgery.

Christiaan Neethling Barnard was born in Beaufort West, Cape Province, South Africa on November 8th 1922. He studied medicine at University of Cape Town Medical School and graduated in 1945. He later studied at the University of Minnesota where he was awarded a PhD in 1958. He returned to South Africa in 1958 as senior cardiothoracic surgeon at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town.

For several years Barnard carried out extensive experimentation on heart transplantation in dogs. On December 3rd 1963 he performed the world’s first human heart transplant. The operation was performed on 54 year old Louis Washkansky who had incurable heart disease. The heart came from a young woman who had been fatally injured in a traffic accident.

Louis Washkansky survived for 18 days. He died of pneumonia as he was taking immunosuppressive drugs. As time went on transplant operations carried out by Barnard became more successful. In 1971 Dirk van Zyl received a new heart. He survived for over 23 years. Barnard developed rheumatoid arthritis in his hands and retired in 1983.

Christiaan Barnard who performed the first successful human heart transplant operation on December 3rd 1967, died aged 78 in the year 2001 On This Day.

Groote Schuur Hospital Innovation Hub

02 September-Gregorian Calendar

The Gregorian calendar was adopted in Britain and Ireland in 1752. It had been adopted in most of mainland Europe 150 years previously. The Gregorian calendar which is called after Pope Gregory XIII is the most widely used international calendar.

Until the adoption of the Gregorian calendar the Julian calendar was in use in Ireland and Britain. The Julian calendar was introduced by the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar in 46 BC. It calculated the year at 365 days and 6 hours. However the actual length of the year is 365 days, five hours, forty-eight minutes, forty six seconds.

During the centuries following the introduction of the Julian calendar the discrepancy led to a slippage of days. Easter for instance was being celebrated later each year. This led Pope Gregory to introduce the new calendar.

By the time the Gregorian calendar was introduced in Great Britain and Ireland in September 1752, in the Julian calendar there was a difference of 12 days. It is reported that people protested at the loss of 12 days from their lives. The Gregorian calendar was not introduced in Greece until 1924, Iran 1925 and Turkey 1926.

The introduction of the Gregorian calendar caused September 2nd to be followed by September 14th in the year 1752 On This Day.

Issuing of the Gregorian Calendar

 

 

01 September-Bee Gees Barry Gibb

Barry Gibb together with his twin brothers Maurice and Robin formed the pop group The Bee Gees. . The group, which was formed in 1958, became one of the world’s best-selling and most successful music groups of all time.

Sir Barry Alan Crompton Gibb CBE was born 1946 in Douglas Isle of Man. When Robin and Maurice was four years old the Gibb family moved to Manchester. Always interested in music and singing, the three Gibb brothers began performing in public from an early age. Following the formation of the Bee Gees, Barry was the lead vocalist and played the guitar.

The Bee Gees had their first international hit in 1967. During the 1970’s they enjoyed success with songs such as ‘Staying Alive’ and ‘How Deep Is Your Love’. The three brothers continued to record and perform until Maurice died in 2003.

Barry Gibb, of the music group, The Bee Gees, was born in Douglas, Isle of Man in the year 1946 On This Day.

Bee Gees Barry Gibb